What Breaks the FAST? Ramadan Fiqh of Fasting- The nullifiers

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What Breaks the FAST? Ramadan Fiqh of Fasting- The Nullifiers


Asalamu alaykum,

Dear brothers and sisters, with Ramadan just round the corner, lets brush up our knowledge on the dos and donts of fasting, for the sake of Allah.

Here follows the fiqh of fasting regarding the nullifiers. May Allah help us to do that which He loves and is pleased with. May Allah help us to worship Him alone always and may He make us experience many Ramadans to come, in His obedience. ameen.

(Please  do see the previous post for a summary on matters related to fasting, the wisdom behind it and much more, in sha Allah!)

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy physician if needed) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour to relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

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In the name of Allah

Fiqh of Fasting Part 3
by Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim (with external annotations)

What breaks the fast? Can I have a blood test? How about other medical procedures? Am I allowed to apply moisturizers that penetrate the skin? What about eye drops or nasal spray or asthma puffer?

Imam Ibn Qudamah says in al Umdah: (Arabic omitted)

Things that Invalidate Fasting

[The Invalidators of Fasting] Whoever:- eats or drinks (1) or takes anything into his stomach through his nostrils (2)- or through any other route (3)- or intentionally vomit (4)– or masturbates (5)– or kissed or touched [the opposite sex] and subsequently ejaculated semen or had madh-ey (pre ejaculation) (6)– or had hijamah (cupping with bloodletting) (7)-or did it to someone else intentionally and while remembering [that he is fasting] his fast is nullified.

End words of Imam Ibn Qudamah——-NOTES

See also: things that invalidate the fast

1) Both these and sexual intercourse break one’s fast by consensus, for Allah the Almighty says: “…so now be in contact with them [your wives] and seek what Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast till night…” (al-Baqarah 2:187)Eating (by mouth) non-food items invalidates fasting by consensus.

2) Due to the statement of the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam “Sniff water far into your nostrils unless you are fasting.” abu Dawud Authentic

3) Medical Care and Fasting (Taken from Judgements of Senior Scholars at the Fiqh Assembly of the OIC Organisation of Islamic Conference):

-Injections (with the exception of nutritious ones), many contemporary scholars believe they do not invalidate the fast. That is the position of the Fiqh Assembly of the OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference).

-Nutritious injections: controversial, but the vast majority considers them to invalidate the fast. That is the position of the Fiqh Assembly.

– Enemas, many contemporary scholars allow them while fasting, because even though they reach the hollow interior of the body (al-Jawf), they do so from a route that is not natural for food or drink; it is not even close to this natural route.- Vaginal suppositories do not break the fast according to (Malikis & Hanbalis) and modern medicine supports that position because there is no connection between the vagina and the stomach. The same applies to the male and female urethra. That is the position of the Fiqh Assembly of the OIC.- Sublingual tablets: many allow them because they are completely absorbed by the mucous membranes of the mouth and do not reach the hollow interior of the body (al-Jawf).

The Fiqh Assembly of the OIC maintains that as long as the patient avoids swallowing it, there should be no harm.- Inhalers and nasal sprays were regarded by the Permanent Fatwa Committee in Saudi Arabia as non-invalidators of the fast.- Nasal drops: controversial, and the scholars who say it invalidates the fast support their view with the previous hadeeth about istinshaq.

The scholars who argue that they do not break the fast maintain that even if a minute amount made it to the stomach, it would still be negligible. The Fiqh Assembly of the OIC maintains that as long as the patient avoids swallowing it, there should be no harm.- Eye drops and eardrops do not invalidate one’s fasting according to many scholars, particularly eardrops because there is no connection between the external ear and the interior of the body except in the case of perforation of the eardrum, and then what may reach the hollow interior of the body (al-Jawf) would be extremely negligible. That is the position of the Fiqh Assembly of the OIC.- Endoscopes, even if they enter from the mouth, they would not break the fast according to many (including the Fiqh Assembly of the OIC) because, they are not nutritious and according to (Hanafis), they do not remain in the abdomen.

The majority of the earlier scholars would consider them invalidators because they enter the hollow interior of the body (al-Jawf). But that seems to not be the correct position.- Skin preparations that are absorbed into the body do not invalidate the fast according to the Fiqh Assembly of the OIC and the vast majority of contemporary scholars and that was the opinion of Imam Ibn Taymiyah.

4) The Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam said: “He who is overwhelmed by vomiting does not have to make up, but he who intentionally vomits must make up.” (Tirmithi, and authenticated by Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibban and others)The one who intentionally vomits is the one who brings it on, not the one who vomits because he feels very nauseous.

5)That is the position of the four schools of Fiqh, for in the Divine hadeeth, Allah the Almighty in the hadith QUDSI says about the fasting person:“…he gives up his (sexual) desire, food and drink for Me…”(Agreed upon)And the one who masturbates does not give up his sexual desire. This sinful habit must be given up, here’s how to break the addiction and how to keep away from it.

6)  Kissing one’s spouse while fasting with subsequent discharge
The position here above is the agreement of the four schools of Fiqh in the case of the ejaculation of semen, but it is controversial in the case of madhey (pre ejaculation). Many (Shafi’ee scholars and minority of hanbali) argue that it would not break the fast since the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam allowed touching and kissing and that is not infrequently associated with madhey.

7) Bloodletting, Blood donation, and Blood tests

That is the correct position of the Hanbali school of thought. The majority (Shafiee,Malik, Abu Hanifa) does not consider hijamah to break one’s fast. The disagreement is because the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam said: “Both the one doing bloodletting and the one having it done to him break their fast.” (abi Dawud; Authentic)Yet, many of the sahabah considered this to be abrogated and allowed bloodletting while fasting, and they include Anas Ibn Malik who indicated that it was initially forbidden out of fear that they may become weak.

(Bukhari reports that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said:”The Prophet had hijamah done to him while he was between Makkah and al-Madeenah while he was fasting and in the state of Ihram.”

Blood donation and tests therefore are acceptable, if they weaken you they are Makrooh but the fast is valid and not broken.

And Allah knows best.

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May Allah, Al-Ghaffaar (The Perpetual Forgiver) forgive all our sins, and may He erase them completely, for He is Al-‘Afuww, Ar-Raheem, (The Oft-Pardoning, The Most Merciful). Ameen

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RAMADAN PARTY EVENT IN GRAYS TOWN, THIS SUNDAY 14TH MAY 2017!- LET’S PREPARE FOR RAMADAN 1438!

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!! RAMADAN EVENT !!


LET’S PARTY!… HALAL PARTY OF COURSE 🙂

Assalamu Alaykum,
You are cordially invited to our Ramadan Event and Party.

DATE: 14 May, Sunday
TIME: 4:30pm-7:30pm

Please arrive early to ensure you get a space and some food in sha Allah!

VENUE/PLACE:

Queensgate Centre, Orsett Rd, Grays,
RM17 5DF,
Entrance: Next to Griffin Estate Agent

TOPIC:
>Essence of Ramadan &
>Duties of Muslim Family

CONTACT:
Mob: 07713761414

 

#Delicious Dinner & Snacks will be provided In Sha Allah

*Pls Kindly forward this text to your friends & family and invite other Thurrock Muslim People (including surrounding areas, everyone invited in sha Allah)

Contact us :

May Allah make us sincere and successful! Allahumma salli alaa Muhammad. Ameen.

Thurrock Muslims Blog

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MUSLIM CHARACTER AND SOCIAL CONDUCT – WHERE DO WE STAND?

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Thurrock Muslims

 

Conditions of Hijab – Top 8 Criteria

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Bismillah


Conditions of Hijab– Top 8 Criteria


Did you know that Hijab doesn’t have to be black in colour, it’s not only for beautiful women, and it can be worn by non-Arabian Muslims.

See the previous post “What is Hijab”

The following conditions must be met for Hijab to be complete. Muslim women endeavour to keep up to this standard in obedience to Allah.

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  1. The Muslim woman’s garments must cover her entire body, head to toe.
  2. The clothing must not be transparent. It should be opaque so hair and skin and whatever is beneath is not exposed.
  3. The clothing must be loose-fitting, not revealing the body shape.
  4. The clothing must not be perfumed.
  5. The clothing must not be an imitation of the opposite gender.
  6. The clothing must not be glamorous and attractive. The purpose is to cover the adornment!
  7. The clothing should be free of symbols of other religions (such as crosses etc.) and should not contain images of animate beings.
  8. The clothing must not be one of fame and vanity.

 

It’s worth noting that Muslim men also have to cover their bodies, but to a lesser extent, since males are physically different to women, and the women is adornment! People generally love to admire female beauty, studies and research point to that fact, so its more apt that women cover their bodies to a greater extent.

 

The intention behind observing Hijab, is an obedience to the command of the Supreme Creator, The One True God, Allah. Muslim men and Muslim women observe the etiquette of Hijab in clothing and conduct, out of faith and God-Consciousness,

 

Allah says in the Qur’an:

‘Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what they do. {30}

And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed. {31}

[Qur’an, 24:30-31]

And Allah says in the Qur’an:

“O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.” [Qur’an 33:59]

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Thurrock Muslims

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PREPARING FOR DEATH-

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PREPARING FOR DEATH-


We all need this heart-chilling reminder.

May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us of those who sincerely live and die in His obedience, upon Tawhid. Allahumma salli alaa sayyidina Muhammad. amin

 

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Keep us in your duas this Jumu’ah.

Rabanna aamana faghfir lanaa warHamna wa anta khayruraaHimeen.

Thurrock Muslims

 

EVERY MUSLIM SHOULD KNOW THIS

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Bismillah

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WORLD FAITHS -ISLAM presentation for Thurrock Scouts

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Hi there! Welcome to our site!


WORLD FAITHS -ISLAM presentation for Thurrock Scouts

By Thurrock Muslims

www.thurrockmuslims.wordpress.com


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In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

 

This presentation has been prepared for Thurrock Scouts group on behalf of the Thurrock Muslim community. We appreciate this opportunity and thank you for reaching out to us.

We are delighted to present our faith to you and hope this will be an opportunity to foster peace and prosperity in the community.

peace in the sand

 

We’re going to start with a simple summary of our religion, Islam. Then we’ll talk about the relationship between Islam, Muslims and the wider community. And we’ll finish with a summary and an opportunity for you to ask any questions.

 

So what is Islam? Islam is a major world religion, practiced by an estimated 1.6bn people worldwide. Islam means submission to The One True God worthy of worship, called “Allah” in the Arabic language. Allah is The Creator and Lord of all that exists. A Muslim worships Allah.

 

Islam is the faith of absolute monotheism, meaning Muslims acknowledge the complete Oneness of God/Allah (see chapter 112 The Qur’an). Muslims believe that Allah (The One True God) is the only One worthy of worship. Allah has no partners, no children, no family and no need for anything, as He is Self-Sufficient.

 

Allah sent prophets and messengers and books of revelation to guide mankind. We believe in many prophets, including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and the final prophet Muhammad (peace be upon them all). We believe in the original versions of the previous scriptures revealed to the previous generations, such as the Torah, Psalms and Gospel. We believe in and implement the final revelation, The Qur’an.

 

Muslims believe the purpose in life is to worship Allah alone, by following the Qur’an (the final revealed book from Allah to mankind) and the Sunnah (the guidance of His final prophet and Messenger Muhammad peace be upon him.)

 

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The Qur’an and the Sunnah teach us how to worship Allah, how to conduct ourselves, our rights and obligations, how to perfect our manners, how to eat, drink, dress, and how to conduct our relationships and interactions with others (including with humans, animals and the environment at large).

 

Unfortunately, Islam is regularly misrepresented in the mainstream media. A few criminals who commit acts of injustice, terror and oppression do not and cannot represent true Islam! Every human being makes mistakes, so we cannot judge Islam by Muslims.

 

It’s important to learn the true facts to dispel ignorance, stereotyping and discrimination. Knowledge about any topic is best obtained from the original source, in this case, for Islam the original source is the Qur’an and the collection of Hadith (narrations mentioning the ‘Sunnah’/traditions & teachings of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him).

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Islam teaches Muslims to perfect their characters and morals. For example, Islam emphasizes the spread of truth, peace, mercy, justice and security for every society. Islam promotes justice and good manners with everyone, irrespective of their backgrounds and beliefs.

 

In summary:

 

  • The main message of Islam is submission to the One True God,
  • Muslims worship Allah by implementing the Qur’an and following the traditions of the final prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
  • The final prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) taught Muslims to perfect their manners and benefit their communities, and to spread truth, peace and justice, in obedience to Allah.

 

The prophet Muhammad peace be upon him said:

‘The merciful ones are granted mercy by the Most Merciful (Allah) . Show mercy to those who are on Earth, and the One above the heavens (Allah) will show mercy to you.’

 

Thank you for reading and we would love to hear from you! You can get back to us with any questions at our blog www.thurrockmuslims.wordpress.com

Sign up for free and stay in touch with us or contact us here.

 

With love and on behalf of

The Thurrock Muslim Community : )

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